CMDA vs DTCP: Which is Better for Buying Approved Plots in Chennai

Admin 15 Jun 2024 9,093 Views

Chennai is a rapidly expanding real estate market that has attracted a sizable amount of investment interest. By analyzing the specifics of the plot permissions by the two authorities, CMDA and DTCP, the realty spectrum of the building may be understood. According to Section 49 of the 1971 Tamil Nadu Town and Country Planning Act, the Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA) is permitted to control real estate development inside the Chennai Metropolitan Area (CMA).

As per the Town & Country Planning Act (T&CP Act), 1971, passed by the State government, the Directorate of Town and Country Planning (DTCP) is in charge of carrying out developmental projects and overseeing town planning across all Tamil Nadu, with the exception of CMA.

What is CMDA?

The Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA), the organisation in charge of the city's planned development, established a vision and goal that have led to significant changes in Chennai during the past 20 years. The CMDA is responsible for 1,189 square kilometres of land and was established with the goal of offering a blueprint for Chennai's planned growth. Kancheepuram and Thiruvallur districts are included in this. The CMDA was established in 1972 as an ad hoc entity and was formerly known as the Madras Metropolitan Development Authority (MMDA).

The Tamil Nadu Town and Country Planning Act, of 1971 made the development body a statutory entity in 1974, with a mission to provide "A people-friendly government is working to improve the quality of life in the Chennai Metropolitan Area (CMA) by employing management practices that are ecologically sustainable, economically progressive, and technologically creative.”

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 Facilities and Procedure for CMDA Approval

●  Local governments in the CMA are given authority by the CMDA to grant PPs to buildings and those in categories such as residential, industrial, commercial use, institutional, and other approved plots in Chennai, as well as sub-divisions and more compact layouts, among other things that fall under the CDMA approved plots.

●  Buildings in several other categories, such as those that are exceptional or have multiple stories, IT/ITeS structures, and others, all require direct authorization from CMDA.

●  Guidelines have been created under PP, and the process is currently noticeably simpler.

●  Before beginning development, contractors must get a three-year CMDA PP.

●  Only construction companies that follow the Detailed Development Plan or Master Plan's land usage regulations are granted permission.

●  Following approvals, the builder must complete the project within the permit's timeframe.

● If CMDA discovers any irregularities related to statutory approvals or the land itself, it withholds its approvals.

● Developers who begin development without authorization will be classified as unauthorised, which might result in demands for stay orders, sealing, or destruction.

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What is DTCP?

DTCP stands for Department of Town and Country Planning and is a government agency responsible for the development of towns and cities in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. This department is tasked with the planning and regulation of land use, infrastructure development, and construction activities in designated areas. It also provides guidelines for the protection of natural resources, as well as the promotion of sustainable development.

The DTCP works closely with other government agencies and private developers to ensure that all building projects meet the necessary standards and regulations. This includes the approval of building plans, ensuring the proper use of land, and ensuring that new construction projects are in line with local zoning laws. Overall, the DTCP plays an important role in ensuring that cities and towns in Tamil Nadu are developed in an orderly and sustainable manner.

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Facilities and  Procedure for DTCP Approval

●  Land must be used for the single purpose specified in the rules in order to receive DTCP approved plots.

●  Approval for legal and lawful development can be obtained through a simple process.

●  The building may not be dismantled if the builder receives consent for the land unless further inappropriate blueprints are discovered.

●  Layouts of DTCP plots-approved dwellings must abide by rules governing public areas or road width.

●  Although the land should be inside the bounds and follow all current regulations, there are no size-based criteria for DTCP certification.

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Difference between CMDA and DTCP

In these, we have mentioned some key differences between CMDA vs DTCP in table form:



Most states have a department responsible for both rural and urban planning.

Only the state of Chennai uses it.

It provides land use permits and building approvals.

It provides construction permissions for many zones, including residential, commercial, industrial, institutional, and others.

It is necessary to build any kind of building.

It is necessary to develop a particular, multi-story structure.

Compared to conventional real estate permits, it is simpler to obtain permission.

Compared to conventional real estate permits, it is challenging to obtain permission.

There is no time restriction on its duration.

It has a three-year validity span.

Building arrangements shall be regarded as being unlawful if DTCP permission for the land is not obtained.

The structure will be regarded as unlawful without CMDA clearance.

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  • Cases of Jurisdiction Differing

With the exception of the areas under CMDA, the majority of Tamil Nadu is under the control of DTCP. Planned and unplanned areas are included in it. To be accurate, it operates in accordance with Secretariat rules for housing and urban development.

 On the other side, the Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA) is a statutory entity and the key agency in charge of developing the Chennai Metropolitan region. The Chennai Metropolitan Area spans an area of 1189 square kilometres.179 villages, 12 town panchayats, 10 panchayat unions, 7 municipalities, Chennai Corporation, and more may be found in the area. 

  • Differing Approval Processes

The local bodies can request approval from DTCP, after all. They can also provide permission for both planned and unplanned regions. In other instances, the local planning committee operating under DTCP is in charge of approving layouts. The CMDA has the power to approve regular buildings, so there's that. In addition to standard structures, they will also facilitate the design of residential, commercial, institutional, and other buildings. These are all the aspects of CMDA and DTCP that you must be aware of.

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What are the Risks of buying plots in these schemes

For projects, buyers may request DTCP or CMDA numbers. It is typically depicted on developers' drawings of authorised plans. If the figures are not present, they may ask for copies of the same and raise a red signal regarding the project and developer. Legal assistance may be obtained if there are any questions about permission. Before finalising their acquisition of any property, purchasers should always wait for the developer to receive CMDA or DTCP permission.

There is a jurisdictional issue, therefore plots can either fall under DTCP or CMDA, not both. While CMDA clearance calls for a longer and stricter process, DTCP is comparably simpler.

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What are the Benefits of Investing?

According to reports, plots with CMDA approval saw more price growth over time than their DTCP-approved equivalents. Due to Chennai city's continued growth, several DTCP areas are now covered by CMDA. Compared to DTCP-approved schemes, CMDA provides a more comprehensive future layout and greater money. The price appreciation is allegedly larger for CMDA plots because they are located near cities or major metropolitan regions.

Clearly, since they are located inside city borders, CMDA plots seem to be preferable choices from a financial standpoint. But there are also profitable investment possibilities for real estate in DTCP areas. Given that the clearance process is a little more rigorous, CMDA plots may be thought of as a safer bet.

About Author

Jatin Dubey

An enthusiastic content writer who is a law graduate and has been working as Real Estate Consultant for around 9 years.
He has worked with top Real Estate Agencies and Builders in Delhi, Bangalore and Pune. His skills to perform market analysis and explore high potential localities has helped many clients in the past.

An enthusiastic content writer who is a law graduate and has been working as Real Estate Consultant for around 9 years.
He has worked with top Real Estate Agencies and Builders in Delhi, Bangalore and Pune. His skills to perform market analysis and explore high potential localities has helped many clients in the past.

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