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Important Common Land Measurement Units in India

Admin 25 Nov 2022 260 Views
Knowledge Advice

The area of landed property is referred to using a variety of names depending on the State across the country. It is usually advisable to be familiar with the typical land measurement units used in India to understand a seller's offer better, how to land measurement, and the conditions outlined in the land records, as well as to estimate a plot's worth.

How is Land Measured in India?

The Land is measured in Normative units. Smaller parcels of Land, like residential lots, are typically measured in square feet or square meters. Still, larger parcels, like industrial or agricultural property, are typically defined in acres or hectares. Bigha, Guntha, Ground, Gaj, etc., are a few regional units used to measure Land in India. These measurements are still mostly made using traditional methods in villages where purchasers still prefer to do so.

Difference between a Plot and a Ground

A ground is a 2,400-square-foot piece of Land, whereas a plot measurement refers to any amount of Land, regardless of size. The dimension in-ground or square feet is typically included in the land documents where the Land is laid out in layouts.

 

A list of some of the common land measurement tables,

 

Unit of Area

Conversion Unit

1 Square Feet (sq ft)

144 sq in (1 foot is 12 inches)

1 Square Centimeter

0.00107639 sq ft

1 Square Inch

0.0069444 sq ft

1 Square Kilometer (sq km)

247.1 acres

1 Square Meter (sq m)

10.76391042 sq ft

1 Square Mile

640 acres or 259 hectares

1 Square Yard (sq yd)

9 sq ft

1 Acre

4840 square yards or 100 cents (standard unit to measure land)

1 Hectare

10000 sq m or 2.49 acres approximately

1 Bigha

968 sq yd

1 Biswa

151.25 sq yd

1 Killa

4840 sq yd

1 Ghumaon

4840 sq yd

1 Kanal

5445 sq ft. or 605 sq yd

1 Chatak

180 sq ft

1 Kattha

600 sq ft


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Finding the Area of your Property

Following the necessary construction of the required roads, parks, schools, hospitals, marketplaces, and other amenities, a piece of land is divided into residential plots. From the layout sketch, one can determine the number and size of the plots. If a property is being sold as a resale, the Sale Deed contains information on the property, including its location.

 

The area is typically specified in square feet when describing a residential property (sq ft). A property's area is stated in terms of acres or hectares when it is agricultural land. The land calculation is done by multiplying the length and width of the available land necessary to get the size of the land area measurement.

Land Measurement Units used in North India

 

Units

States used in

Conversion

1 Bigha-Pucca

Parts of UP, Punjab, and Haryana, as well as Bihar

3025 sq yd, 1 Pucca-Bigha=165 ft*165 ft

1 Bigha

Parts of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand

968 sq yd

A bigha-kaccha (Kachha Bigha makes up land measurement one-third of Pucca Bigha.)

Some parts of Punjab, Haryana, UP

1008.33 sq yd

1 Biswa  Pucca

Upper parts of UP, Punjab, Haryana

151.25 sq yd

1 Biswa

Some parts of HP,  Uttarakhand

48.4 sq yd

1 Biswa  (Kaccha) (1/20 of Bigha Kaccha)

Lower parts of Punjab, Haryana,  UP

50.417 sq yd

1 Biswansi

UP, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand

1/20 Biswa. 1 Biswa has 20 Biswansis

1 Killa

Parts of Haryana and Punjab

4840 sq yd (An Acre is also called a Killa)

1 Ghumaon

a few areas of Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh

4840 sq yd

1 Kanal

Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, and Haryana

5445 sq ft. 8 Kanals is 1 Acre


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Land Measurement Units used in South India

 

Units

States used in

Conversion

1 Ankanam

Parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka

72 sqft, 1Acre=605 Ankanams

1 Cent

Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka

435.6 sq ft

1 Ground

Parts of Tamil Nadu

2400 sq ft

1 Guntha

Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka 

1089 sq ft

1 Kuncham

Andhra Pradesh

484 sq yds, 1 Kuncham=10 cents

 

Maharashtrians regularly use the term "Guntha," in addition to those from Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.

Land Measurement Units used in East India

 

Units

States used in

Conversion

1 Chatak

West Bengal

180 sq ft

1 Decimal

West Bengal

48.4 sq yd, 1Acre=100 decimals

1 Dhur

Bihar and Jharkhand

68.0625 sq ft

1 Dhur

Tripura

3.6 sq ft

1 Kattha

Assam

2880 square feet, 5 Katthas in 1 Bigha (Assam).

1 Kattha

Bengal

720 square feet, 20 Katthas in 1 Bigha (Bengal).

1 Kattha

Bihar

1361.25 square feet, 20 Katthas, 1 Bigha (Bihar)

1 Lecha

Assam

20 Lechas is 1 Kattha, or 144 square feet.

 

Depending on the State, the terms Dhur and Kattha both refer to various sizes. In Tripura, Dhur is about 3.6 square feet, compared to nearly 68 square feet in Bihar. Dhur is used frequently in Jharkhand in addition to Bihar and Tripura. Assam, West Bengal, and Madhya Pradesh are where Katha is most often spoken. Additionally, it is utilized alongside dhur in several regions of Bihar. While the size varies from State to State, it typically ranges from 600 to 2,800 square feet.

 

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Land Measurement Units used in West India

 

Units

States used in

Conversion

1 Bigha

Bihar and parts of Rajasthan

Pucca 3025 sq yd

1 Bigha

Gujarat and parts of Rajasthan

1936 sq yd

1 Biswa

Upper parts of Rajasthan

Pucca 151.25 sq yd

1 Biswa

Lower parts of Rajasthan

96.8 sq yd

1 Biswansi

Rajasthan

1/20 Biswa, 1 Biswa has 20 Biswansis

Land Measurement Units used in Central India

 

Units

States used in

Conversion

1 Bigha

Parts of Madhya Pradesh

1333.33 sq yd

1 Kattha

Madhya Pradesh

20 Kathas, 1 Bigha (MP), 600 square feet


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About Author

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Jatin Dubey

An enthusiastic content writer who is a law graduate and has been working as Real Estate Consultant for around 9 years.
He has worked with top Real Estate Agencies and Builders in Delhi, Bangalore and Pune. His skills to perform market analysis and explore high potential localities has helped many clients in the past.

An enthusiastic content writer who is a law graduate and has been working as Real Estate Consultant for around 9 years.
He has worked with top Real Estate Agencies and Builders in Delhi, Bangalore and Pune. His skills to perform market analysis and explore high potential localities has helped many clients in the past.